Base styling

The base styling is the styling that is used as a basis for the headings, titles and bullet paragraphs. When calculating what a heading, title or bulleted paragraph should look like, ClauseBase will start from the base styling, and then merge that styling with the styling elements defined in the heading/title or bullet style.

At the same time, the base styling is also used as the styling of body paragraphs, i.e. paragraphs that do not act as titles, and do not have any number or bullet attached to them.


The alignment of a paragraph — left, right, centered or justified — is straightforward for body paragraphs. For bullets and headings, however, the alignment option can get quite complex, so you may want to check the discussion there.

Note that if a paragraph does not have any bullet or number attached to it (i.e., a body paragraph), then it cannot have a hanging indent. Instead, it will then be treated as a left aligned or justified paragraph.

Paragraph spacing

These settings define the amount of spacing at the left, right, bottom and upper side of each paragraph in the clause, as well as the spacing between each line of text.

Most users of Microsoft Word are familiar with the spacing at the left side of a paragraph, due to the indent button in the toolbar of Microsoft Word. Most users are not familiar with the spacing above & below a paragraph, not only because these settings are hidden in Word’s paragraph settings dialog box, but also because it seems so much easier to simply hit Return/Enter to create a blank line. However, adding blank lines should be avoided, because it creates all kinds of problems. 

Thanks to its clause-based approach, ClauseBase naturally avoids this problem of extraneous blank lines.

The space above & below is added to each and every paragraph in the clause. Hence, if there are three paragraphs in the clause, the space will be added three times. If instead you want to add space once above/below a clause, you need to use the block spacing setting that is additionally shown in the custom styling of the clause.

Font settings

These settings are fairly straightforward, and should not require many explanations.Use the underline option sparingly, and use bold or italic instead. Underlining is a reminiscent from the past, when typewriters did not offer easy possibilities to create bold or italic text, so that underlining was often the only option to draw attention to certain text fragments. From a typographic perspective, underlining is problematic, because the lines cut through letters with parts below the baseline (such as a -g and -f).

ClauseBase allows you to select various Google open source fonts (Lato, Lora, Montserrat, Noto Sans/Serif, Open Sans, Roboto and Source Sans Pro). Please be aware that those fonts need to be installed on users’ computers, both to show them on the screen and to show them in Word/PDF files. They can be downloaded free of charge from

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Styling pane
Headings, body paragraphs and numbering